Source: World Heritage Site
- According to Wikipedia, Maltese folklore describes giants as having built the temples, which led to the name Ġgantija, meaning 'Giants’ tower.
- Not all of these temples date back quite so far but the timeline is pretty impressive with individual complexes ranging from 3600–3200 BC to 3150–2500 BC. There are additional signs of human habitation dating back to 5000 BC and continuing up to 700 BC.
- The complex that was of special interest to me is the Mnajdra Complex built around 3000 BC.
"The southern temple is oriented astronomically aligned with the rising sun during solstices and equinoxes; during the summer solstice the first rays of sunlight light up the edge of a decorated megalith between the first apses, while during the winter solstice the same effect occurs on a megalith in the opposite apse. During the equinox, the rays of the rising sun pass straight through the principal doorway to reach the innermost central niche." Source: Wikipedia
That is some amazing engineering considering that this temple predates the Bronze Age!
There is plenty of great information on Wikipedia and the World Heritage site has some testimonials from actual visitors to the temples. Well worth a read if you are interested in prehistoric architecture as I am.
So what ancient marvels astound and amaze you? Please share them in the comments!